基于讨价还价模型的跨省水源地保护生态补偿标准研究 —以于桥水库为例
Research on eco-compensation standards of interprovincial water source protection based on bargaining model: A case study of Yuqiao Reservoir
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  跨省水源地保护  生态补偿标准  讨价还价博弈  于桥水库
英文关键词:inter-provincial water source protection  eco-compensation standard  bargaining  Yuqiao Reservoir
基金项目:中央高校建设世界一流大学(学科);特色发展引导专项资金资助
作者单位
王新年,沈大军 中国人民大学 环境学院北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      文章在梳理现有流域生态补偿标准核算方法的基础上,运用鲁宾斯坦恩—斯塔尔讨价还价模型,构建了有限期博弈和无限期博弈的跨省水源地保护生态补偿标准讨价还价博弈模型;并以于桥水库为例,按照不同补偿区域分析了天津市对河北省的生态补偿标准,探讨了出价次序变化和贴现因子变化对补偿标准的影响。结果表明:以于桥水库流域、潘家口—大黑汀水库及引滦入津沿线区域、和主要水源区承德市为补偿对象的生态补偿标准分别在1.67~15.96亿元、0.30~11.49亿元和8.49~85.37亿元之间。影响因子分析显示,在有限期讨价还价博弈中,跨省水源地保护生态补偿标准与贴现因子?的大小、博弈时期T的长短及谁在最后出价有关;在无限期讨价还价博弈中,跨省水源地保护保护生态补偿标准与贴现因子?的大小以及谁最先出价有关。
英文摘要:
      In this paper, we established a bargaining model of eco-compensation standards for inter-provincial water source protection under finite and infinite bargaining conditions by applying the Rubinstein & Stahl bargaining model after analyzing the problems in the existing basin eco-compensation calculation methods. The established model was applied to the Yuqiao Reservoir to analyze the eco-compensation standards of Tianjin Municipality for Hebei Province in terms of compensation regions. We discussed the impacts of bidding order variation and discount factor variation on the compensation standards. The results showed that the eco-compensation standards for Yuqiao Reservoir basin, the region around Panjiakou-Daheiting reservoirs and along Luanhe-Tianjin water transfer project, and the main water source region Chengde City were respectively between 167 to 1596 million RMB, 30 to 1149 million RMB, and 849 to 8537 million RMB. The impact factor analysis demonstrated that, in the finite bargaining, the inter-provincial eco-compensation standard was related to the discount factor ?, the duration of the biding stage T, and the last bidder; in the infinite bargaining, the standard was related to the discount factor ? and the first bidder.
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